101 Information About Colorectal Cancer
The human body consists of several organs that help in the digestion and extraction of food. One of the main areas where this entire process is carried out in the intestinal region. This area is a combination of the small intestine and large intestine. Here the food is in the last stage of absorption that is finally released with the help of the rectum and anus.
This digestive path also contains a colon that absorbs water and other minerals from food. Numerous bacteria are present inside this region that further breaks down the digested food. If any problem persists in the colon, then it can lead to certain complications like colorectal cancer. This type of cancer occurs in the colon and rectal areas of the large intestine.
Brief Introduction to Colorectal Cancer
Colorectal cancer can develop due to various reasons in the human body. This medical condition affects the intestinal region that is close to the anus. Due to this, it becomes an uncomfortable situation for the patient. In most conditions, the doctor will advise for colorectal surgery to completely remove the cancerous tissues.
Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer
- Changes in bowel movement can be a result of some internal problems.
- Pain and discomfort in the abdomen.
- Blood in the stools or abnormal bleeding from the anus.
- Suddenly losing a lot of weight.
- Feeling weak and restless throughout the day even after having a proper sleep.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Colon Cancer
1. Basic Diagnosis
In this stage, a physical examination is conducted by the doctor. The patient might be asked questions related to the overall health and if any medications are involved. Once, this stage is completed, other tests and scans are performed:
2. Common Scans
In this part, the patient is diagnosed using MRIs, CT, X-rays, and Ultrasound techniques. These methods display an image of the internal organs that can help to identify the real problem inside the body.
3. Blood Tests
This method is used to verify various conditions. The first thing to identify is the Complete Blood Count in the patient’s body. Excessive bleeding can lead to many medical problems. Therefore, to keep a track of the patient’s health, this test is performed.
Another reason for this process is to identify any abnormality in the blood. At a higher stage, cancer cells can reach other organs of the body. The best path to travel is via the bloodstream. Hence, if any abnormality is found, the doctor takes immediate action.
In this technique, a long tube is inserted from the anus into the large intestine. A small video camera is attached to the segment that provides a live image of the internal system of the body. The doctors try to find any lumps and bulges on the surface or the formation of cysts and tumors.
The removal of a small tissue from the affected area, that is then sent to labs for further testing is called a biopsy. It is usually performed by a pathologist who has in-depth knowledge about tissues and body fluids.
Procedure for Curing Colorectal Cancer
Depending on the stage of colorectal cancer, the surgeon will operate to completely remove cancer. This procedure is performed under anesthesia and requires an intrusive method of cleaning the entire affected area.
After the removal of cancer tissue, the surgeon further cleans the surrounding area of the colon and rectum. This is done to prevent the spread of cancer cells in other organs of the body. The patient won’t feel anything during the entire operation.
Radiation therapy is another effective way utilized for the treatment of colorectal cancer. In this procedure, high-energy beams of X-rays are targeted over a particular area. This whole process is performed by a doctor specializing in the field of radiation therapy called an oncologist. It is done to either eradicate the problematic cells or shrink the size of the tumor. In any case, it becomes easier for the surgeon to remove cancer. Plus, it helps in preventing the cancer cells to grow back in the body.
In some cases, the doctor may go with chemotherapy. In this method, large doses of powerful drugs are given to a patient. These medications kill rapidly growing cells. This procedure can be accomplished by either ingesting the drugs via the mouth or by injecting the drugs directly into a vein or artery. This method can kill living cells. That is why many side effects can occur during and after chemotherapy.
Finding a Colorectal Surgeon in Singapore
If you have any symptoms of colorectal cancer, then you can consult the Singapore colorectal surgeonin the medical centers. These medical professionals have all the necessary tools and equipment for the treatment of such diseases. Moreover, you can consult about any other medical problems here. Cyst removal Singapore is also available here, which helps in removing any form of cysts on the body.