Colon cancer, also known as bowel cancer or colorectal cancer in Singapore, develops in the colon or rectum, which are parts of the large intestine. It is one of the most common types of cancer in Singapore. It typically begins as noncancerous growths of cells called polyps that form on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. Over time, if left untreated, these polyps can grow out of control and develop into colon cancer.
There are a variety of symptoms associated with colon cancer, but these may not be noticeable in the early stage. The most common symptoms of colon cancer include:
Colon cancer may not typically cause noticeable pain or symptoms in its early stages. This is why regular screenings for colon cancer, such as a colonoscopy, are vital for early detection and prevention. However, as colon cancer progresses or if it reaches an advanced stage, it can lead to symptoms that may include abdominal pain or discomfort.
Several factors can increase the likelihood of developing colon cancer, and some individuals may have multiple risk factors. Here are some common risk factors that can apply to individuals in Singapore:
The diagnosis of colon cancer involves the following:
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience symptoms suggestive of colon cancer or if you have risk factors that make you more susceptible to the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment are vital to improving the chances of successful outcomes in colon cancer cases. Regular screenings are crucial in early detection and prevention, especially for high-risk individuals.
The treatment for colon cancer depends on the individual, severity, and stage of the disease. In general, these are the treatment options:
Screening recommendations vary depending on the individual, but regular screenings typically begin at age 50.