What Causes Haemorrhoids?

What Causes Haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids also known as piles is a medical condition where there is a clump of enlarged blood vessels on the walls of the anus and lower rectum. Sometimes the stool that passes through this body anatomies irritates and stretches the cluster of blood vessels. Haemorrhoids are considered into two namely:

– Internal Haemorrhoids: This manifests inside the lower rectum. They are not visible and most times hard to be detected by the patient because they are painless. 

– External Haemorrhoids: This occurs in under the skin of the anus. Because there is a more sensitive clump of blood vessels in this body part, they are prone to haemorrhoids. 

It is estimated that three out of four people at some point in their lives have haemorrhoids. The chances of developing haemorrhoids increases as one age. Women are most likely to get haemorrhoids while pregnant.


Haemorrhoids come with various symptoms which includes:

  • Discomfort in the anus during bowel movement

  • Swellings in the anus

  • Itching or burning sensation in the anal area

  • Prolapse of the internal haemorrhoids during bowel movement 

  • Feeling that the bowel is not completely emptied 

  • Pain while sitting 

Symptoms can get severe and when they do you should visit your doctor for treatment.


Causes of Haemorrhoids

1. Haemorrhoids can occur when there is an increase in pressure exerted on blood vessels on the walls of the anus and lower rectum. The pressure causes them to dilate, engorged with blood. They become increased in size leading to haemorrhoids symptoms. 

2. A low fibre diet is another cause of haemorrhoids. When a diet lacks fibre, this causes a person to strain while having a bowel movement. This increases the pressure on the rectum and anal blood vessels. 

3. Pregnancy can cause haemorrhoids because of the pressure exerted on the lower rectum and anus by the enlarged uterus. More so, hormonal changes during pregnancy weaken the rectum and anal muscles. 

4. Energy demanding exercises like weight lifting causes strain on the anal blood vessels. During weight lifting, the breadth is held. This causes strains in the analysis region. If the condition is already existing weight lifting can worsen it. To be sure that weight lifting does not lead to haemorrhoids, you have to do it properly. 

5. Haemorrhoids are also caused as a result of people having excess weight. Obesity brings about regular constricting of the veins and blood vessels surrounding the rectum and anus. For obese persons who carry excessive fat in their abdominal area, they are at higher risk of having haemorrhoids. 

6. Having constipation could lead to haemorrhoids. When a diet does not contain fibre or enough water is not taken, bowel movement becomes strenuous. Stool passed exerts huge pressure in the blood vessels lining the rectum and anal walls resulting in haemorrhoids. 

7. Prolonged sitting on toilet seats increase pressure around the anus and may lead to haemorrhoids. 

8. Colon cancer

9. Acute or chronic diarrhoea

10. Bad body posture or spinal cord injury

Haemorrhoids Prevention

Chances of having haemorrhoids can be decreased by adhering to certain preventive measures. They are as follows:

1. Fibre Intake:

Eating plenty of fruits that are rich in fibre, such as oranges, bananas, grains, etc will soften your still making bowel movement to become easy. This way you will not be able to get haemorrhoids. 

2. Losing Weight:

Shedding the pounds or maintaining healthy body weight goes a long way in preventing you from having haemorrhoids. 

3. Drinking Enough Water:

People should drink enough water every day. It is recommended that one should take at least 8 cups of water every day. Water plays a role in promoting smooth bowel movement. Moreover, cutting down on alcohol or caffeine intake helps too. 

4. Exercise:

Engaging in physical activities goes a long way to help reduce blood pressure and avoid constipation.

5. Avoid Delay of Bowel Movement:

Not going to the pass a stool at the right time can make your stools harder and drier. This can lead to the straining of your anal blood vessels resulting in haemorrhoids. 

6. Haemorrhoids Treatment

Haemorrhoids treatment is important to alleviate the person of any discomfort and prevent it from getting worse over time. Another goal of the treatment is to control haemorrhoid’s growth. Treatment can be the administration of over-the-counter drugs or removal through piles surgery.

Piles treatment in Singapore is done by certified medical practitioners. The haemorrhoids surgery cost is dependent on the degree this medical condition gets. For further enquiries regarding haemorrhoids, please feel free to schedule an appointment with our specialists.

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